Facts about Dragon Fruit
Dragon fruit is also called pitaya or pitahaya fruit. Its tree is
actually a type of evening flowering cactus. The attractive
yellowish flower is approximately 12 inches in length and 9 inches
in width, bell shaped and extremely fragrant. The flowers open in
the evening and eventually wilt by daybreak. Dragon fruit is oblong
with unique look due to its vibrant pink to red rind with green
tipped scales. The edible part is either white or red, which has
countless tiny black seeds. The fruit's taste is fairly sweet and
juicy, very much alike that of kiwi, watermelon and pear. Dragon
fruit is currently planted commercially in Asian countries such as
Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam.
Dragon Fruit Varieties:
- Hylocereus -- it features red-colored skin with white-colored flesh.
- Hylocereus polyrhizus -- the fruit has red-colored skin with
- Selinecereus megalanthus -- it has yellow-colored skin with
Pitaya fruit was originated from Central America. Based on Aztec
literature, the fruit dates back to sometime the 13th century. Pitaya fruit is called thang loy in Vietnam, the place it is broadly
grown. It is said that the exotic fruit was first introduced to
Vietnam through the French and currently, the average produce per
hectare is about 25 tonnes.
Malaysia is another location where you can come across the pitahaya
fruit. It had been introduced in 1999 in Johor, Kuala Pilah and
Sitiawan regions. Nicaragua and Colombia are other destinations in
which pitaya fruit is planted for commercial reasons.
Growing Dragon Fruit
Normally, Dragon fruit demands a temperate rainfall in between 600mm
to 1300mm with an optimum temperature in between 38 to 40 degrees
Celsius (100 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit). Be cautioned that an excessive amount of rainfall results
in flower drop and it will rot.
In general, it needs a tropical climate, particularly when it is
growing for commercial reasons in order to have productive and
successful plantation. However, in order to plant the pitahaya fruit
for non-commercial reasons, you may simply carry out at your home
with the seedlings obtained in the fruit you eat, as you are not
growing it on a large scale.
Buying Tips of Dragon Fruit
- Find in the section of exotic produce for dragon fruit. It is
usually found in autumn and spring. Just like some tropical fruits
planted in the US, it may be hard to find in winter and summer.
- Take a look at the exterior of the pitaya fruit. Do not choose
those with bruises, discoloration as well as obvious mold. The color
of pink ought to be even on the entire of the surface of the exotic
fruit. Smell the pitahaya fruit for a mild, tropical scent. If it
carries a moldy scent, keep away from it, because there may be
- Grab a dragon fruit. Press the sides using your thumb. The fruit
should yield a little, without getting mushy. Stay away from picking
out rock solid fruit, but in case that is all that is available,
you may ripen it at your home.
- Leave the pitahaya fruit at room temperature right until the
surface turns entirely yellow and gives way when lightly pressed.
This indicates that it is completely ripened and set to eat. When
the dragon fruit has already been fully ripe in the shop, skip this
and go to the subsequent step about long-term storage.
- Keep the ripened pitaya fruit in the fridge for as long as 5 days.
- Rinse the surface of the dragon fruit before slicing. Peel off the
rind, slice into pieces to use in smoothies, fruit salads and so on.
Alternatively, cut the entire fruit into half and then scoop out the
fruit flesh. Both the red/white flesh and the black seeds can be
eaten, but not the rind.
Storing Tips of Dragon Fruit
- Fresh dragon fruit will preserve for a couple of days refrigerated,
this appear to be the most effective way to keep it fresh in the
event you have to, however since the very best flavor for the fruit
is the moment the fruit is chosen ripe, you can't hope to keep it
longer than a couple of days at most just before it begins to reduce
- Make an effort to consume dragon fruit as early as
possible, should you have the fresh pitaya fruit. You would like to
choose fresh pitaya which is vine ripened, however, the fresh
fruit is pretty perishable. If you choose it as a raw fruit, it will
definitely last longer, however it will not be as
delicious as the vine-ripened one.
Health Benefits of Dragon Fruit
- The dragon fruit is very high in antioxidants. As a
result, frequent consumption of the fruit would block free radicals,
which often lead to numerous health damaging diseases such as
- The pitaya fruit is extremely high in vitamin C, and so you can
frequently eat it to heal wounds and bruises fast. Furthermore,
being vibrant source of vitamin C, the fruit improves your immune
system the wonderful way.
- The vitamin B12 content helps enhance the appetite of a person.
- The dragon fruit
amazingly moisturizes and delivers smoothing effect for your skin
and therefore improves its appearance.
- It helps reduce the effects of toxic contents such as heavy metal.
Besides that, intake of pitaya fruit helps lower cholesterol levels
and normalizes hypertension.
- Frequent intake of pitahaya fruit help combat asthma and also
- The vitamin B1 content helps in generating of energy as well as
- A great source of phosphorus and calcium, dragon fruit reinforces
our bones, makes healthier teeth and is great for body
- Consuming dragon fruit on a regular basis cuts down on weight
significantly, and thus building a well-balanced body with no
compromising on one's health.
- The fruit is helpful in bringing down blood sugar levels in type