Lychee Fruit Facts and Health Benefits 101
Facts about Lychees
The lychee or litchi tree is attractive, dense and round-topped with smooth, gray, limbs and trunk. Under perfect conditions they can achieve 40 feet in height, but they are generally smaller. The leatherlike, pinnate foliage is split into 4 to 8 leaflets. The lychee leaves are reddish when small, getting glossy and vivid green as they grow. Litchi trees have complete branch and foliage to the ground. The flowers of lychees are very small, petalless and yellowish-green in color. Lychees are attractive during spring when the tree is full of flowers. Flowering comes before fruit ripeness by roughly 140 days.
The lychee fruit has a leathery skin or pedicarp that is pink to bright red in color with rough texture. The fruit is heart-shaped, oval or close to round in shape, 1 to 1.5 inches long. The edible part or aril is white in color, clear, firm and juicy. The taste is fragrant, sweet and delicious. In the middle of the aril, you can see a seed that differs greatly in size. The most wanted varieties have atrophied seeds that are known as "chicken tongue". They are tiny, up to 1/2 inch long. Bigger seeds differ between 1/2 to 1 inch long and are generally plumper compared to the chicken tongues. You may find a difference between the litchi with leaks juice and the "clean and dry" varieties that are more appealing. In certain regions litchis are usually alternate bearers. Changing of moisture levels in soil may cause the lychee fruit to split.
Health Benefits of Eating Lychees
Nutritional Value of Lychee
|Amount per 1 Cup|
|Total Fat||0.836 g|
|Total Carbohydrate||31.41 g|
|Dietary Fiber||2.47 g|
|Amount Per 1 nut|
|Total Fat||0.03 g|
|Total Carbohydrate||1.77 g|
|Dietary Fiber||0.115 g|
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